History & Culture
More than 2.300 years of glorious history Τhessaloniki was founded in 315 BC by King Cassander of Macedonia. He named it after his wife, Thessaloniki, sister of Alexander the Great. Thessaloniki becomes the most important city in Greece. In 379 AD, Thessaloniki became the capital of the Roman new Prefecture of Illyricum. From the first years of the Byzantine Empire, Thessaloniki was also considered the “co-reigning” city, alongside Constantinople.
Wandering through the city, which is justifiably considered an open-air museum of Byzantine art, due to it’s significance during the Roman and Byzantine period, it is worthwhile to see the 15 monuments which are included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Other noteworthy attractions are the City’s famous museums, such as the Byzantine museum and the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki.
How to Move
In general transportation inside Thessaloniki city and its suburbs is well organised and there are several ways to serve the travellers.
Tickets cost 1,00€ (0,50€ reduced admission for students or elders). You can get your tickets at the O.A.S.TH.’s ticket booths, at the 1200 selling shops or by the vending machines inside the buses. Free service is offered to people with special needs.
All necessary information concerning timetables, bus tracking in real time, route duration, best routes etc, is available on the official page of O.A.S.TH.
Taxis in Thessaloniki have a dark-blue and white colour and are easily found in every corner of the city. They are reliable and they run all day and night long. You can arrange your taxi transfer by calling a reliable taxi company in Thessaloniki. If you are a larger group of people (5 persons or more) you can arrange a van or minibus transfer.
Karavakia (Greek for ‘small boats’) is the general name for the three different boats that take you from Thessaloniki to the pleasant beaches. They are also referred to as ‘Thessaloniki Waterbus’. The boats themselves are called Agios Giorgos, Konstantis and Olympia. For all three boats, you can choose from two pick-up points: the port and the White Tower. The Agios Giorgos and the Konstantis take you to Neoi Epivates and then Perea. The Olympia gets you to Perea via Agia Triada. The departure times are indicated at the boarding points themselves. But you can also find a handy overview of the departure times on their website.
Thessaloniki is a crossroads of flavours, a metropolis of tastes, a gastronomic capital.
Over the centuries, the multiple peoples and cultures contributed to the tastes and secret recipes that were bequeathed as a gourmet treasure to the “Bride of the World”: Thessaloniki.
Local cuisine reflects the influences of the city’s history and its position on the Mediterranean waters. Thermaikos Gulf connects the city to a rich marine environment that stretches past the Mt. Athos coastline to the Eastern Aegean islands. Fish and seafood are plentiful and accompanied by the creations of the vineyards of Northern Greece, including both wines and spirits.
The delight of the cuisine of Thessaloniki is an incomparable experience that takes off the senses and delights the heart and the soul.